Smoke from wildfires can cause
coughing, a scratchy throat, irritated sinuses, shortness of breath, chest pain,
headaches, stinging eyes, and a runny nose. Smoke may worsen symptoms for people
who have heart or lung disease, or other pre-existing respiratory conditions,
such as respiratory allergies, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(COPD). When smoke levels are high enough, even healthy people may experience
some of these symptoms.
The Chatham County Health
Department urges you to protect yourself by using the following precautions:
- Stay inside with windows and doors shut.
- Use the recycle or re-circulate mode on the air
conditioner in your home or car.
- If you do not have an air conditioner and if it is too
warm to stay inside with the windows closed, seek shelter elsewhere.
- Avoid cooking and vacuuming, which can increase
- Avoid physical exertion.
- Asthmatics should follow their asthma management plan.
- Keep at least a five-day supply of medication on hand.
- Contact your doctor if you have symptoms such as chest
pain, chest tightness, shortness of breath, or severe fatigue. This is
important for not only for people with chronic lung or heart disease, but
also for individuals who have not been previously diagnosed with such
illnesses. Smoke can "unmask" or produce symptoms of such diseases.
- Keep airways moist by drinking lots of water.
Breathing through a warm, wet washcloth can also help relieve dryness.
- Use a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter to
reduce breathing problems. A HEPA filter may reduce the number of irritating
fine particles in indoor air.
For more information about health
problems related to the smoke, please call your local healthcare provider.